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Also known as Morton’s Interdigital Neuroma, Morton’s Metatarsalgia, Morton’s Neuralgia, Plantar Neuroma, Intermetatarsal Neuroma) What is a Morton’s neuroma? Morton’s neuroma is a condition characterized by localized swelling of the nerve and soft tissue located between two of the long bones of the foot (metatarsals – figure 1), which can result in pain, pins and needles, or numbness in the forefoot or toes.
Pronation of the foot can cause the metatarsal heads to rotate slightly and pinch the nerve running between the metatarsal heads. This chronic pinching can make the nerve sheath enlarge. As it enlarges it than becomes more squeezed and increasingly troublesome. Tight shoes, shoes with little room for the forefoot, pointy toeboxes can all make this problem more painful. Walking barefoot may also be painful, since the foot may be functioning in an over-pronated position.
What are the symptoms of Morton?s neuroma? A sharp or stinging pain between the toes when standing or walking. Pain in the forefoot between the toes. Swelling between the toes. Tingling (?pins and needles?) and numbness. Feeling like there is a ?bunched up sock? or a pebble or marble under the ball of the foot.
Based on the physical examination, your doctor usually can diagnose a Morton’s neuroma without additional testing. A foot X-ray may be ordered to make sure that there isn’t a stress fracture, but it will not show the actual neuroma. If the diagnosis is in doubt, your doctor may request magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the foot.
Non Surgical Treatment
Nonsurgical treatment is tried first. Your doctor may recommend any of the following. Padding and taping the toe area, shoe inserts, changes to footwear, for example wearing shoes with wider toe boxes or flat heels, Anti-inflammatory medicines taken by mouth or injected into the toe area, nerve blocking medicines injected into the toe area, other painkillers, physical therapy. Anti-inflammatories and painkillers are not recommended for long-term treatment. In some cases, surgery is needed to remove the thickened tissue and inflammed nerve. This helps relieve pain and improve foot function. Numbness after surgery is permanent.
For those who are suffering severely with Morton?s Neuroma, surgery is a possibility. An orthopedic surgeon can remove the growth and repair your foot relatively easily. However, Morton?s Neuroma surgery is associated with a lengthy recovery time and there is a possibility that the neuroma may return.
A Hammertoes occurs when the middle of the toe points upwards abnormally. This most often occurs in the second toe, and is often the result of a big toe bunion pushing on the second toe. A painful callous often forms on top of the first joint in the toe. Treatment of a hammer toe may consist of simple padding of the callous on top of the toe, as well as buying appropriate footwear. The best shoes for patients with a hammer toe will have a wide toebox, no pressure on the end of the toe, and will not press on a bunion (which may cause worsening of the hammer toe).
Hammer toe most frequently results from wearing poorly fitting shoes that can force the toe into a bent position, such as excessively high heels or shoes that are too short or narrow for the foot. Having the toes bent for long periods of time can cause the muscles in them to shorten, resulting in the hammer toe deformity. This is often found in conjunction with bunions or other foot problem (e.g., a bunion can force the big toe to turn inward and push the other toes). It can also be caused by muscle, nerve, or joint damage resulting from conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, stroke, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, complex regional pain syndrome or diabetes. Hammer toe can also be found in Friedreich’s ataxia.
People with a hammer toe will often find that a corn or callus will develop on the top of the toe, where it rubs against the top of the footwear. This can be painful when pressure is applied or when anything rubs on it. The affected joint may also be painful and appear swollen.
The treatment options vary with the type and severity of each hammer toe, although identifying the deformity early in its development is important to avoid surgery. Your podiatric physician will examine and X-ray the affected area and recommend a treatment plan specific to your condition.
Non Surgical Treatment
Try to find shoes that are soft, roomy, and comfortable and avoid tight shoes or shoes with high heels. A shoe repair shop may be able to stretch a small pocket in regular shoes to make room for the hammertoe. Have a professional pedicure. Sometimes a skilled manicurist can file down a painful corn. Follow your healthcare provider’s instructions. Ask your provider what activities you should avoid and when you can return to your normal activities, how to take care of yourself at home, what symptoms or problems you should watch for and what to do if you have them. Make sure you know when you should come back for a checkup.
For the surgical correction of a rigid hammertoe, the surgical procedure consists of removing the damaged skin where the corn is located. Then a small section of bone is removed at the level of the rigid joint. The sutures remain in place for approximately ten days. During this period of time it is important to keep the area dry. Most surgeons prefer to leave the bandage in place until the patient’s follow-up visit, so there is no need for the patient to change the bandages at home. The patient is returned to a stiff-soled walking shoe in about two weeks. It is important to try and stay off the foot as much as possible during this time. Excessive swelling of the toe is the most common patient complaint. In severe cases of hammertoe deformity a pin may be required to hold the toe in place and the surgeon may elect to fuse the bones in the toe. This requires several weeks of recovery.
There are two main types of Hammer toes. Hammertoes can be flexible, which means that you can still move the toe a bit – these are easier to treat with stretching, wider shoes and in some cases, toe splints. Rigid hammertoes occur when the foot condition has persisted for so long without treatment that the tendons become too rigid to be stretched back to normal. Rigid hammertoes are more common in people with arthritis. This foot condition usually needs to be treated with surgery.
Hammer toe may also be caused by other medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, or stroke because these forms of illnesses involve affectation of the person’s muscles and nerves. Diabetes is also a causative factor for hammer toes due to diabetic neuropathy, which often times accompanies advanced instances of diabetes. Injury to a person’s toes may also cause hammer toes, particularly if the injury involves breaking of the toes. In some instances, hammer toes may be hereditary. Some people may be genetically predisposed to develop the condition because of the natural structure of their bodies.
People who hammertoes have painful hammertoes visit their podiatrist because their affected toe is either rubbing on the end their shoe (signaling a contracted flexor tendon), rubbing on the top of their shoe (signaling a contracted extensor tendon), or rubbing on another toe and causing a painful buildup of thick skin, known as a corn.
The exam may reveal a toe in which the near bone of the toe (proximal phalanx) is angled upward and the middle bone of the toe points in the opposite direction (plantar flexed). Toes may appear crooked or rotated. The involved joint may be painful when moved, or stiff. There may be areas of thickened skin (corns or calluses) on top of or between the toes, a callus may also be observed at the tip of the affected toe beneath the toenail. An attempt to passively correct the deformity will help elucidate the best treatment option as the examiner determines whether the toe is still flexible or not. It is advisable to assess palpable pulses, since their presence is associated with a good prognosis for healing after surgery. X-rays will demonstrate the contractures of the involved joints, as well as possible arthritic changes and bone enlargements (exostoses, spurs). X-rays of the involved foot are usually performed in a weight-bearing position.
Non Surgical Treatment
Apply a commercial, nonmedicated hammertoe pad around the bony prominence of the hammertoe. This will decrease pressure on the area. Wear a shoe with a deep toe box. If the hammertoe becomes inflamed and painful, apply ice packs several times a day to reduce swelling. Avoid heels more than two inches tall. A loose-fitting pair of shoes can also help protect the foot while reducing pressure on the affected toe, making walking a little easier until a visit to your podiatrist can be arranged. It is important to remember that, while this treatment will make the hammertoe feel better, it does not cure the condition. A trip to the podiatric physician?s office will be necessary to repair the toe to allow for normal foot function. Avoid wearing shoes that are too tight or narrow. Children should have their shoes properly fitted on a regular basis, as their feet can often outgrow their shoes rapidly. See your podiatric physician if pain persists.
In more advanced cases of hammer toe, or when the accompanying pain cannot be relieved by conservative treatment, surgery may be required. Different types of surgical procedures are performed to correct hammer toe, depending on the location and extent of the problem. Surgical treatment is generally effective for both flexible and fixed (rigid) forms of hammer toe. Recurrence following surgery may develop in persons with flexible hammer toe, particularly if they resume wearing poorly-fitted shoes after the deformity is corrected.
If your Heel Spur feels like a bruise or a dull ache, you may have metatarsalgia People with metatarsalgia will often find that the pain is aggravated by walking in bare feet and on hard floor surfaces. Pain in the ball of your foot can stem from several causes. Ball of foot pain is the pain felt in the ball of foot region. Metatarsalgia is a condition characterized by having pain in ball of foot. The average adult takes about 9,000 steps per day.
Orthotics are shoe insoles, custom-made to guide the foot into corrected biomechanics. Orthotics are commonly prescribed to help with hammer toes, heel spurs, metatarsal problems, bunions, diabetic ulcerations and numerous other problems. They also help to minimize shin splints, back pain and strain on joints and ligaments. Orthotics help foot problems by ensuring proper foot mechanics and taking pressure off the parts of your foot that you are placing too much stress on. Dr. Cherine’s mission is to help you realize your greatest potential and live your life to its fullest.
Those affected by inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and Achilles tendonitis are also likely to experience pain and swelling in the ankles. If the joints in the feet get affected by osteoarthritis, it gives rise to pain, stiffness, swelling in or around the joint, and restricted range of motion. Since pain in the feet could be caused due to a variety of reasons, the treatment will depend on the underlying cause. Many a time, pain could be experienced by people who perform high-impact exercises such as running, jogging and other sports. Those who have been experiencing pain while running must make sure that they wear a good quality footwear. Painkillers or steroids might be prescribed for the treatment of a sprained ankle.
Rheumatoid arthritis causes forefoot deformity and often may cause displacement and even dislocation of the metatarsal joints themselves. Morton’s Neuroma can also be a source of metarsalgia and is characterized by pain in the forefoot. Sesamoiditis is located on the plantar surface of the foot and will be located near the first metatarsal phalangeal joint.
Went to Podiatrist after receiving pain pills to move, got MRI and he told me I have severe tear in plantor faciitis tendon. Have swelling or what I call a fatty feeling, as I have always had on ball of foot below left most two toes. And it seems to feel a little more fatty since I walked for the first time today after putting on a good pair of ankle boots. Any idea what the fatty feeling is on ball of foot. Lastly, I took the boot off at my stairs into my house 2 days ago and took a step using ball of left foot and it did not pop.
In addition, claw toes are often associated with forefoot pain (metatarsalgia) as the MTP joints commonly become subluxed in patients with pronounced claw toes. Scared to walk around in sandals because of unsightly claw toes? Around three million Britons have hammer toes, which can make walking difficult. With this deformity, the toe is bent at the middle joint causing a curling of the toe. Question: How to treat curled toes problem?
Lack of sensation in the feet increases the risk for unnoticed foot injuries, which may lead to serious infections. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy can affect the muscle-related, or motor, nerves of the feet and lower legs. Damage to these nerves commonly causes weakness of the associated muscles, which can lead to foot deformities, notes the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons on the patient information website Foot Health Facts. Claw toe and hammertoe deformities, in which the toes curl rather than lying flat, frequently occur in people with diabetic motor neuropathy of the feet. These deformities often cause bunions, calluses and corns, which may lead to foot ulcers. The University of Chicago Center for Peripheral Neuropathy reports that pain, tingling or numbness of the hands can occur with diabetic peripheral neuropathy, affecting the sensory nerves of the hands. Claw toes result from an inherent muscle imbalance. A terrific skin care regime.
It basically involves lengthening the tightened tendons responsible for the curled toe Uncurling the toes allows them to rest flat In more severe cases, bits of bone may also need to be chipped away in order to see the toe uncurled. The alignment putter is an improvement on the mallet putter and offers different alignment features that help putt the ball on the target line. The term hammer toe deformity (HTD) refers to the ‘buckling’ effect of the toes at the joint furthest from the tip of the toe (the proximal interphalangeal joint-between the proximal and intermediate phalanges). Keep your feet busy—use those joints to keep them flexible.
While waiting in the hospital I made an acupuncture appointment for the next day to assist with relieving the fluid that had developed around my knee, as well as the pain and swelling. As I stated before I didn’t have health insurance so I was already being treated at the acupuncture clinic for various health issues. I was also taking herbal, mineral and vitamin formulas for stress, joint pain and the soft tissue damage from a car wreck over 17 years ago.
A special pad to help redistribute your weight and relieve pressure on the ball of your foot. If the toe is flexible, sometimes a simple procedure using no scalpel and no stitiches can relax the toe into a straight position. When the toe becomes rigid, bone needs to be remodeled and corrected, which is done as an outpatient in the OR. If you or someone you love is dealing with foot problems in Sarasota or Bradenton, encourage them to schedule an appointment right away in our Bradenton Podiatry office or Sarasota Podiatry office. Also, a current target the harm that extremely high or pointed footwear can perform to the ft, shins and back have led many women to restrict their putting on of high heel shoes and reserve them for very official or formal occasions. They finish off a look, they make you appear taller, and they can make the thighs look slimmer than they are.
You may need to wear a surgical shoe with an open toe for several weeks following your operation. You may need to use crutches to help you avoid putting weight on your toes. This deformity occurs when the joint of the little toe becomes permanently contracted.
It can also be caused by muscle, nerve, or joint damage resulting from conditions such as osteoarthritis , rheumatoid arthritis , stroke , Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease , Complex Regional Pain Syndrome or diabetes 3 Hammer toe can also be found in Friedreich’s ataxia (GAA trinucleotide repeat). The Mayo Clinic refers to it as claw-like” while the American Podiatric Medical Association says that it looks like an inverted V from the side. The skin on top of the joint often becomes irritated from rubbing against the shoe. Sometimes the ball of the foot aches where it meets the affected toe.
The last resort for many with severe bunions, prior to surgery, is a cortisone treatment. A local cortisone injection directly into the bunion can help reduce inflammation of the joint at the base of the big toe. Your doctor may administer cortisone injections on several visits if the pain becomes severe and other methods of treatment are providing limited relief. It is called a tailor’s bunion because tailors used to sit with their legs crossed on a daily basis, causing the outside portion of the planted foot to rub against the ground, which eventually led to the development of a bunion at the base of their little toe.
If you are suffering from bunions, corns or calluses you may want to consider buying pads for your feet. These little pads can be used on the toe and heel areas to help reduce impact and friction. Contact a podiatrist in New York today. Dr. Menna and Dr. Pace of Manhattan Footcare each have 25 years of experience treating all types of foot condition. Call 212-629-5090 for an appointment or fill out a contact form Women are more likely to develop a bunion a third more cases are women rather than men. Some people inherit their bunion but the majority of bunions are caused by poor or tight shoe fitting.
Corns are made of thick layers of dead skin cells, are usually white or yellow in color, and appear tough and thick. Corns and calluses may also look flaky, or seem like really dry skin. A corn tends to be small and round, with a very painful spot in the middle and yellowish skin surrounding it. Calluses, on the other hand, are usually larger and may be a little painful. When picking out shoes, consider your feet for a moment. Thick, rough calluses and painful corns are a steep price to pay for fashion. Treat your feet to soft and comfortable shoes, and thus protect them from corns and calluses.
These are also caused by misalignment, which causes friction on top of the toes. They may be a symptom of hammertoes. Tight fitting shoes and misalignment of the foot structure are causes of corns. Wearing our Forward Arch® products will help your toes straighten out and become free and floating. Diabetes Bunions occur more commonly in women and can sometimes run in families. People born with abnormal bones in their feet are more likely to form a bunion. Wearing narrow-toed, high-heeled shoes may lead to the development of a bunion. The condition may become painful as extra bone and a fluid-filled sac grow at the base of the big toe.
How about ingrown toenails? Are they present, along with corns or calluses or warts on his or her toes, or on the tops of bottoms of the feet? When your child walks, does he or she walk on the inside or outside of his or her toes? Remember that lack of complaint is not a reliable sign that everything is fine. Because the bones in a child’s feet are soft and pliable, they can be bent twisted even before any pain is felt, or with only momentary discomfort. Once the wart has been treated, it is important to prevent recurrence or new infection. To know more about prevention, click here.
When there is increased stress on the arch, microscopic tears can occur within the plantar fascia, usually at its attachment on the heel. This results in inflammation and pain with standing and walking and sometimes at rest. It usually causes pain and stiffness on the bottom of your heel. Corns and callouses are areas of thick, hard skin. They usually develop due to rubbing or irritation over a boney prominence. The hard, thick skin is called a corn if it is on your toe and it is called a callous if it is somewhere else on your foot.
Selecting a podiatrist you can entrust the feet to is no easy feat. When you know what to consider, make sure you select one you will feel confident with, and don’t let him go. Your feet deserve the best care! read more Manicure and pedicure or a “mani-pedi” makes the hand and feet look and feel better. In Latin, “manus” means hands, “pedi” means feet and cure means care, thus, hand and feet care. Both treatments or procedures also help clean, strengthen, shape, and even decorate the finger nails and toenails.
A very common cause of anterior pelvic tilt is the imbalance in the pelvic and hip muscles. Imbalance is observed between the muscles that flex the hip including the quadriceps and psoas, and their opposing muscles including the gluteals, hamstrings and lower abdominal muscles. Improper exercise programs and excessive seating posture can lead to shortening and tightening of the psoas. This affects the pelvis resulting in a shortened position for the quadriceps causing them to become short and tight. Due to this the glutes and hamstrings also become lengthened and weak. The forward rotation of the pelvis causes the lower back to become arched.
Although surgery is usually successful, it sometimes does not result in satisfactory results. Some patients have persistent pain. Other possible surgical complications include infection and failure of the fused bones to heal. When to Contact a Medical Professional In some cases, flat feet are caused by injuries or illness, creating problems with walking, running, or standing for long hours. Types of Flat Feet If the tendon that connects your heel bone to your calf muscle (Achilles tendon) is too short, you might experience pain when walking and running. This condition causes the heel to lift prematurely when the affected person is walking or running. Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction
In your home, find the wall free of furniture and decorations. A closed and locked door will work just as well. Stand with yourback up against the wall, as if you are checking your posture. Slowly back upagainst the wall until you come all the way up onto your toes. Hold yourposture. Slowly maneuver back down to standing flat on your feet. Do this atleast five times or until you feel the burn in your calves. This exercise helpsstrengthen your calves, ankles and helps shape the arches of your feet. To get the best basketball shoes for flat feet, here are 2 options that will help you with your problem.
As mentioned, the four main types of earthworms include nightcrawlers, garden worms, manure worms and red worms. There would be a great deal of difference between a garden without earthworms and the one which homes them. This is due to the fact that these creatures present several benefits for healthy growth of the plants and vegetables in a garden. Soil being the main habitat of earthworm, it gets tilled when they tunnel their way through it. This in turn gives way for air and moisture to pass easily through the soil, creating a favorable habitat for plants.
It may sound like a cliché but our feet, and in particular the arches of our feet, really are the structural foundations of our body. Fallen arches is a term used to describe complete flattening out of the arch. When the arch flattens out the foot loses much of its biomechanical functioning. In addition the biomechanics of the knee, hip and low back are adversely affected when the arch of the foot loses its structural integrity. For very mild cases, it is possible to treat flat feet with exercises and stretching. Some extreme cases will require surgery, but the most common treatment is the use of supportive orthotics.
The difference between fallen arches and flat feet is that arches have never been present in people with flat feet; the soles of their feet resting firmly on the ground, while those with fallen arches may have feet that appear normal when laying down or sitting. However, when they stand up, the arch collapses, as the foot bears the weight of the body. Patients who have fallen arches are prone to overpronate, as their ankles roll inwards to an unusual extent when walking or running, leading to amplified occurrences of soft medial and knee injuries.
These insoles are made intentionally to spread the body’s weight evenly on both feet – from the heels to the feet Foot stress and by doing this, pressure points on the only real are eliminated together with the abrasions. Our foot feels the most stress in our human body in fulfilling its purpose being a base. So, it is worth to become looked after constantly. It includes a bio-lock heel address having an extra solution cushion for extra support and extra absorption. Our foot is protected by the added comfort from more damage while relieving aches at the same time. Furthermore, its constant use reduces calluses, calluses, and burning feelings.
Arthritis in the big toe joint can be hereditary but also due to structural abnormalities of the foot. Most patients notice a gradual enlargement of the big toe joint with bumps on the top and side of the joint. However, many times it’s only with increased exercise or activity levels that they may notice increased pain, achiness and sometimes swelling of the joint. If the condition continues to progress, causing pain and decreased function, despite the conservative treatment, surgery is then recommended. The severity of the condition at that time will determine which surgical procedure to do.
Despite our best efforts, sometimes it’s almost impossible to prevent certain foot conditions that our children may suffer. Why? Well, genetics can play a big role when it comes to children’s foot ailments It is important for you to be aware of any hereditary foot or ankle conditions your child may inherit and keep an eye out for the warning signs. Like most health problems, early detection is key to successful treatment. Flat feet Warts are skin growths developed by viruses. They are sometimes painful and, if not treated in times, they may spread. A doctor can rub medicines, burn or freeze the wart, or remove the wart with surgery.
So why does it happen? That answer’s not so simple. Neuropathy as a complication of diabetes is caused by microvascular disease. That’s the small vessels that branch of from the main pipeline arteries. The vessels stop carrying blood, which hold oxygen and nutrients, to the nerves and causes them to fail. So how do we correct this? Not easily. If that’s the reason, sometimes the individual needs a procedure to restore circulation. Other times, when the main circulation is in good shape, there may be other modalities. One therapy is called MicroVas, which is a non-invasive treatment that stimulates the microvascular circulation to reverse diabetic neuropathy.
People become bedridden often with severe injury and illness. Bedridden people are unable to stand, even with assistance, although they still need to be moved out of bed for linen changes, hygiene and transport. A slide sheet is a type of mat that is placed under a bedridden person to allow them to be moved from one surface to another and repositioned in bed. It is preferred over a bed sheet as it decreases friction between the person and the surface on which they are sliding. A few steps can be used to safely use a slide sheet.
Traumatic fractures (also called acute fractures) are caused by a direct blow or impact-like seriously stubbing your toe. Traumatic fractures can be displaced or nondisplaced. If the fracture is displaced, the bone is broken in such a way that it has changed in position (dislocated). Treatment of a traumatic fracture depends on the location and extent of the break and whether it is displaced. Surgery is sometimes required. Avoid the Offending Activity. Because stress fractures result from repetitive stress, it is important to avoid the activity that led to the fracture. Crutches or a wheelchair are sometimes required to offload weight from the foot to give it time to heal.
Treatment for shin splint pain can be difficult when the pain is too much to handle. From the ultra-sensitive nerves to the inability to put pressure on the lower leg, it is one of the excruciating foot ailments. Nevertheless, with the proper physician attention, shin splint pain relief can be conquered most of the time. Including the proper use of orthotics and several innovative massage procedures, relief is finally in sight. For most people, treatment is successful, regardless of the cause, although the cause does does play a major role in determining your prognosis. Some causes do not need treatment, while others require a surgical fix. Complications of Flat Feet
If you have no pathological or traumatic reason for your flat feet and are still wondering why you have developed them, then take into consideration that the human body was not designed to wear soft soled shoes in the first place. Think about how your body may have adapted over time as a result of having this cushion under the foot preventing the foot from acting how it really should in the natural environment. Changes to the feet can occur as a shoe can dictate the flow of pressure through the foot during the gait cycle.
Plantar Fasciitis is an inflammation of the fibrous portion that runs along the soles of your feet and attaches to your heel bone. If you are a runner, you will find that you experience this pain in the morning after you wake up and take your first steps of the day as well as when you take part in any activities. It is one of the most common causes of heel pain among runners, dancers and athletes. It can also affect those who are pregnant, overweight and people who wear worn out shoes.
This condition can arise as a result of fallen arches , caused by years of wear and tear on the foot that weaken the foot tendons to the point that they can no longer support the arch. In children, flat feet may also be caused by failure to develop the arch of the foot during childhood. If you suspect your back pain may be related to a foot disorder, visit a podiatrist or chiropractor for an examination and assessment. The doctor will diagnose your problem and recommend the most appropriate treatment plan. Custom-made orthotics may be prescribed for daily wear. About the Author
When people reach 40 or 50, poor foot function will start to show and over-pronation will take its toll. Many years of over-pronation will result in wear and tear in the feet, ankle and knee joints and lower back. People will simply accept these common aches and pains as a sign of ageing. Very few people realise these complaints have a lot to do with their fallen arches ! Too many shoes these days are using soft materials all-around the shoes and are very ‘floppy’ giving no support or stability whatsoever. In summer, many people wear open footwear such as sandals and flip-flops which are even worse in biomechanical terms.
Wearing orthopedic footwear can alleviate the suffering experienced by people with existing foot condition. In some cases, the use of these distinctively designed shoes can actually give a nonsurgical option that can be tested before proceeding to a more invasive and costly intervention. Some people who have no history of foot-related problems even use such shoes to ensure comfort and avoid any unwanted foot condition. It is important to understand that both pronation and supination are part of a normal, healthy walking pattern! Pronation (rolling inward) acts as a shock absorbing process and supination (rolling outward) helps to propel our feet forward.
Some flat feet are completely asymptomatic, meaning that the patient does not feel pain or discomfort from the condition. This occurs in cases of ‘flexible feet’, in which the foot has a visible arch when relaxed (for instance, when the patient is sitting). In cases of flexible flat feet, when the patient does not suffer any foot and leg pain, treatment is not necessary. In this article, I will discuss flat feet. I will explain what this condition is and what causes it. Then I will tell you how you can treat it and what steps you can take to prevent it from worsening and occurring in the first place.